Lightning Talk

The Use of an Acute Care Patient Simulation Experience to Develop the IPEC Core Competencies of Interprofessional Teams for First-Year Healthcare Students

Sunday, August 21, 2022, 10:30 am - 11:30 am CDT
acute care setting

Interprofessional patient simulations enable students to learn with, from, and about each other while working together in a safe environment. Research indicates simulation experiences provide an opportunity for students to communicate effectively, apply professional roles, and increase their competency in patient care. Further, the ability to apply IPEC Core Competencies (CCs) in a simulated clinical setting prepares students for collaborative practice. Ultimately, the perspectives of students from multiple healthcare professions enable the team to focus on what matters most, the comprehensive management of patients, including identifying and addressing non-clinical factors that impact health, such as Social Determinants of Health (SDOH). The University of Toledo’s Interprofessional Education (IPE) Program includes an acute care patient simulation experience in spring semester where first-year healthcare students apply what they learned about the CCs and SDOH in fall semester. In 2022, 606 students from 9 healthcare professions completed the patient simulation in teams of 4-6 students. Teams worked together to complete a mobility task and gather information for discharge planning. Each team then de-briefed with a facilitator to discuss how well the CCs and non-clinical factors were addressed. Survey results revealed over 93% agreed or strongly agreed the experience improved their knowledge and skills in each of the 4 CCs. Additionally, 94% agreed or strongly agreed it was an effective learning experience to prepare for future collaborative practice. Key themes that emerged from a qualitative analysis included: safe “practice” setting, applying knowledge, realistic, clarifying roles, and “teams DO work”. Kolb’s Experiential Learning Theory asserts that integration of knowledge is strengthened through active participation in concrete experiences, such as simulations, particularly when followed by reflection. The outcomes of this experience support the use of our acute care patient simulation to further develop the CCs and non-clinical skills for interprofessional teams of first-year healthcare students.