Lightning Talk

A Framework on Patient Roles on Primary Care Interprofessional Teams

Wednesday, September 14, 2022, 12:00 pm - 1:00 pm CDT

Since the early 2000’s, across Canada, a real emphasis was being placed on creation of interprofessional teams (IPTs) in all healthcare settings. These IPTs often do not include patients as part of team membership. The basis of these teams, however, is the enhancement of patient-centered care delivery and patient healthcare experience. A transformation of these teams is needed if the goals of interprofessional care are to be realized. Currently, there is a paucity of research available on how patients can become members of such teams in terms of what roles they can enact within them. The purpose of this study was to develop a framework, using Charmaz’s constructivist grounded theory approach, on patient roles in primary care IPTs. A total of 10 patients and 10 healthcare providers were recruited from two family health teams in Ontario, Canada to undergo a two-step data collection process: an individual interview and a follow-up focus group. Data were analyzed as collected. This resulted in three patient roles identified: (1) expert of own health; (2) (co) decision- maker; (3) self- manager. Along with these, the processes, comprised of four parts, and the conditions, comprised of three parts, required for patients to take on such roles in IPTs were discovered. This study can provide an understanding of what is needed by patients and healthcare providers to transform current practice towards enhanced patient participation and inclusion on IPTs in primary care, addressing the Summit theme of Person-Engaged Practice. Furthermore, the study findings close the gap between research and practice leading to better care delivery and outcomes by providing an understanding of the evolving concepts associated with patient roles on IPTs as full participants in their care, enhancing their care satisfaction.